Taxonomic information database for world species of Drosophilidae, maintained by Masanori J. Toda

The classification of subfamilies, tribes, genera and subgenera is based on Yassin (2013).
Data and abbreviations on distribution and types are based mostly on Brake and Baechli (2008).

Biogeographic regions:
AF = Afrotropical
AU = Australasian
NE = Nearctic
NT = Neotropical
OR = Oriental
PA = Palearctic

Kind of primary type:
HT = Holotype
NT = Neotype
LT = Lectotype
ST = Syntype
T = Type (unspecified)

Sex or stage of the primary type specimen(s):
M = Male
F = Female
B = Both Sexes
A = Adult
E = Egg
L = Larva
P = Pupa or Puparium
? = Unknown

Type Holdings:
AMNH American Museum of Natural History, New York, New York, United States
AMS Australian Museum, Sydney, Australia
ANIC CSIRO Entomology, Canberra, Australia
BBM Bishop Museum, Honolulu, Hawai’i, United States
BHU Department of Zoology, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India
BMNH The Natural History Museum, London, United Kingdom (formerly British Museum (Natural History))
CAS California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco, California, United States
CEK College of Education, Kongju, South Korea
CGEC China Entomological Research Institute Collection, Guangzhou, China
CMP Carnegie Museum of Natural History, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States
CNC Canadian National Collection of Insects, Ottawa, Canada
CUMZ University Museum of Zoology Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom
CUS Department of Zoology, Chungang University, Seoul, South Korea
CWW College of Wooster, Wooster, Ohio, United States
DEI Deutsches Entomologisches Institut, Müncheberg, Germany (formerly in Eberswalde)
DHU Daegu Haany University, Kyungsan, South Korea
DMSC District Museum, Sobeslav, Czech Republic
DZKU Department of Zoology, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan
ENA Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (formerly Escola Nacional de Agronomia)
EUMJ Laboratory of Environmental Entomology, Ehime University, Matsuyama, Japan (formerly Entomological Laboratory)
EWU College of Education, Ewha Womans University, Seoul, South Korea
FRC Forest Research Center, Kuching, Malaysia
GDUB Department of Genetics, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
HNHM Hungarian Natural History Museum, Budapest, Hungary
HSPA Hawaiian Sugar Planters' Association collection, Honolulu, Hawai’i, United States
HUS Entomological Institute, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan
IBJN Instituto Biologia "Juan Noé", Universidad de Chile, Santiago, Chile (institution disappeared, location of type material unknown (C. Gonzalez, pers. comm. 2006))
IBP Institute of Biology and Soil Sciences, Russian Academy of Sciences, Vladivostok, Russia (formerly Institute of Biology and Pedology)
IBSP Instituto Biológico da Secretaria de Agricultura, São Paulo, Brazil
IEUP Istituto di Entomologia, Università degli Studi, Pavia, Italy
IGFU Institute of Genetics, Fudan University, Shanghai, China
INHS Illinois Natural History Survey, Champaign, Illinois, United States
IOC Fundação Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
IPNB Institut des Parque Nationaux, Brussels, Belgium
IRSNB Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique, Brussels, Belgium
ITBC Institute for Tropical Biology and Conservation, Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Kota Kinabalu, Malaysia
IZAS Institute of Zoology, Academia Sinica, Beijing, China
IZT Institute of Zoology, Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan
KIZ Kunming Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming, China
KSPS Kinabalu Park, Sabah, Malaysia
KU Entomological Laboratory, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan
KUN Department of Zoology, Kumaon University, Nainital, India
LACM Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, Los Angeles, California, United States
LCNZ Entomology Research Museum, Lincoln University, Canterbury, New Zealand (formerly Department of Entomology)
MACN Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales “Bernardino Rivadavia”, Buenos Aires, Argentina
MCNZ Museu Anchieta de Ciências Naturais, Porto Alegre, Brazil
MCSNM Museo Civico di Storia Naturale, Milan, Italy
MCZ Museum of Comparative Zoology, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States
MHNG Museum d'Histoire Naturelle, Geneva, Switzerland
MNHNP Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris, France
MNHNS Museo Nacional de Historia Natural, Santiago, Chile
MNRJ Museu Nacional, Universidade Federal de Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
MPEG Museu Paraense Emilio Goeldi, Belém, Brazil
MRAC Musée Royal de l'Afrique Centrale, Tervuren, Belgium
MSNG Museo Civico di Storia Naturale "Giacomo Doria", Genoa, Italy
MZB Museum Zoologicum Bogoriense, Bogor, Indonesia
MZBS Museo de Zoologia, Barcelona, Spain
MZLS Museo Zoologico "La Specola", Florence, Italy
MZUSP Museu de Zoologia, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil
NDSR Drosophila Species Center, Bowling Green State University, Bowling Green, Ohio, United States (formerly National Drosophila Species Resource Center)
NENU Department of Biology, Northeast Normal University, Changchun, China
NIGM Department of Physiological Genetics, National Institute of Genetics, Mishima, Japan
NMBA Naturhistorisches Museum, Admont, Austria
NMI National Museum of Ireland, Dublin, Ireland
NMKE National Museums of Kenya, Nairobi, Kenya
NMP Natal Museum, Pietermaritzburg, South Africa
NMPC Natural History Museum, Prague, Czech Republic
NMW Naturhistorisches Museum Wien, Vienna, Austria
NRS Naturhistoriska Riksmuseet, Stockholm, Sweden
NSMT National Science Museum, Tokyo, Japan
NZAC New Zealand Arthropod Collection, Auckland, New Zealand (includes specimens from Plant Diseases Division, Auckland)
PUB Department of Cell Biology and Genetics, Peking University, Beijing, China
PUCP Department of Zoology, Punjab University, Chandigarh, India
QCAZ Museo de Zoologia, Quito, Ecuador (formerly Quito Catholic Zoology Museum)
QMBA Queensland Museum, South Bank (Brisbane), Australia
RNH Nationaal Natuurhistorisch Museum, Leiden, Netherlands (Naturalis)
SCAU Department of Entomology, South China Agriculture University, Guangzhou, China
SEHU Systematic Entomology, Hokkaido University Museum, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan
SMF Forschungsinstitut und Naturmuseum Senckenberg, Frankfurt/Main, Germany
SMNS Staatliches Museum für Naturkunde Stuttgart, Stuttgart, Germany
SMT Staatliche Naturhistorische Sammlungen Dresden, Museum für Tierkunde, Dresden, Germany
SNU Department of Zoology, Seoul National University, Seoul, South Korea
SNUC Institute of Entomology, Shenyang Normal University, Shenyang, China
STC Department of Biology, Shenyang Teachers' College, Shenyang, China
TGU Department of Biology, Tokyo Gakugei University, Tokyo, Japan
TMU Department of Biology, Tokyo Metropolitan University, Tokyo, Japan
UABC Department of Biology, Universidad de los Andes, Bogota, Colombia
UCMP Museum of Paleontology, Berkeley, California, United States
UKAL Kansas Biological Survey, The University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas, United States
UMGI Museum of the Department of Zoology, Mysore, India
UMO Oxford University Museum of Natural History, Oxford, United Kingdom
UNESP Departamento de Biologia, Universidade Estadual Paulista, São José do Rio Preto, Brazil
UPPI Department of Zoology, University of Pune [=Poona], Pune, India
URGS Departamento de Genética, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil
USNM National Museum of Natural History, Washington, D. C., United States (formerly United States National Museum of Natural History)
UZMC The Natural History Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark
UZMH Zoological Museum, University of Helsinki, Finland
XUU Department of Biology, Xinjiang University, Urumqi, China
ZIL Museum of Zoology, Lund, Sweden (Zoologiska museet)
ZISP Zoological Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg, Russia
ZIU Evolutionsmuseet, Uppsala, Sweden (formerly Zoological Museum )
ZMAN Zoologisch Museum Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands
ZMHU Museum für Naturkunde, Institut für Systematische Zoologie, Berlin, Germany
ZMM Zoological Museum, Moscow, Russia
ZMUH Zoologisches Institut und Zoologisches Museum, Universität Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany
ZMUN Zoological Museum, Oslo, Norway
ZMZ Zoologisches Museum der Universität Zürich, Zurich, Switzerland
ZSBS Zoologische Staatssammlung München, Munich, Germany
ZSI Zoological Survey of India, Calcutta, India
REGISTER kotaro: 2023-07-05 / UPDATE 2023-07-05
DrosWLD-Supraspecific taxa
Taxonomic information database for supraspecific taxa of Drosophilidae in the world, maintained by Masanori J. Toda

Kind of type designation for genera:
AU = Automatic
FR = First revisor (for incorrect original spellings only)
MO = Monotypy
OD = Original designation
PD = Present designation
SD = Subsequent designation
REGISTER kotaro: 2023-07-05 / UPDATE 2023-07-05